Topic 4 Practical Tips and Frequently Asked Questions

Tips #Practical Tips
Tip 1:Install on your smartphone the NASA App "Earth Hero: Climate Change" (search for it in the app shop of your smartphone) and follow the evolution of the climate and recent changes and predicted climate scenarios.
Tip 2:Prepare yourself for the climate changes in your region and try to understand how you can adapt to these changes in order to minimise the negative impacts that result from them.
Tip 3:Be active on social media. Use the TAKE IT Facebook page to share relevant information on climate change and your learning experience on climate action.
Tip 4:Install the "AWorld in support of ActNow‪" ‬App on your smartphone ‪(search for ityour phone'sappshop) and switch to a more sustainable lifestyle.Encourageyour friends and family toinstall theappso that more people can change to a more sustainable lifestyle and behaviourby adopting solutions for climate change‬‬‬‬‬.
FAQ 1:What are the impacts that the current and future climate may have on your personal and professional life?
FAQ 2:What are the mitigation and adaptation actions you can take to minimise the negative effects caused by climate change? How can you make a difference?


Climate changeChange in climate that is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and is additional to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.
Global warmingThe process of increasing the average temperature of the Earth's oceans and atmosphere caused by massive emissions of gases that intensify the greenhouse effect, resulting from a range of human activities, especially the burning of fossil fuels and changes in land use (such as deforestation), as well as from various other secondary sources.
Adaptive capacityThe ability of a system, institution and mankind to adjust to different potential impacts, taking advantage of opportunities or responding to the consequences that might result.
ClimateClimate in a strict sense is generally defined as the average climate or, more rigorously, as the statistical description in terms of the average and variability of relevant quantities over a period ranging from months to thousands or millions of years. The classical period for the average of these variables is 30 years (climatological normal), as defined by the World Meteorological Organization. The relevant quantities are mostly surface variables, such as temperature, precipitation and wind.
Adaptation to climate changeIn relation to humans, it is the process of adapting to the current or expected climate and its effects, to moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. In natural systems, it is the process of adjusting to the current climate and its effects; human intervention can facilitate adjustment to the expected climate and its effects.
Extreme weather eventWeather events that are rare at a particular place and time of year. When an extreme weather pattern persists for some time, such as a season, it can be classified as an extreme weather event, especially if it generates an average or total that is itself extreme (e.g., drought or severe rainfall over a season).
ImpactsThe consequences of hazards realized in natural and human systems, where risks result from the interactions of climate-related hazards (including extreme weather events) and vulnerability. Impacts generally refer to effects on life, livelihoods, health and well-being, ecosystems and species, economic, social and cultural assets, and infrastructure. Impacts can be referred to as consequences or outcomes and can be adverse or beneficial.
Mitigation of climate changeHuman intervention through strategies, options or measures to reduce the source or increase the sinks of greenhouse gases (GHG) responsible for climate change. Examples of mitigation measures are the use of renewable energy sources, waste reduction processes, use of public transport, among others.
HeatwaveA period of six days when the maximum air temperature is 5ºC higher than the average value of daily maximum temperatures in the reference period (1961-1990).
RiskUsually presented as the probability of occurrence of an event multiplied by the impact caused by that event. In the context of climate impact assessment, the term risk is often used to refer to the potential for adverse consequences of a climate-related hazard, or adaptation or mitigation responses to it, on life, livelihoods, health and well-being, ecosystems and species, economic, social and cultural assets, and infrastructure.
Climate actionClimate action involves intensified efforts to reduce GHG emissions and strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-induced impacts, including climate-related risks; integration of measures into national policies, strategies and planning; improved education, awareness raising and personal and institutional capacity building on climate change response, adaptation and mitigation.

Well done! You have successfully completed the Thematic Area 1 – Module 3

“Key-messages about climate change”!