Topic 4 Practical Tips and Frequently Asked Questions

Tips #Practical Tips
Tip 1:Identify what are the main climate hazards for your city and find out how they may increase or decrease in the future as a result of climate change.
Tip 2:Find out how to adapt your house to the current climate and make it more resilient to extreme climate events (floods, heat waves, cold spells).
Tip 3:During periods of extreme heat, the urban environment can be particularly uncomfortable. Avoid being outside during the hottest hours, make sure the heat does not enter your home and identify the cool islands in the city (green spaces, waterfronts, shaded areas, shopping centres, public facilities...) where you can cool off.
Tip 4:The inhabitants of cities have a say in their development. Get informed and involved in public participation processes and help decision-makers make the most effective and sustainable adaptation choices for your city.
FAQ 1:What are the impacts that the current and future climate might have for your city?
FAQ 2:Which climate adaptation options for cities are most advantageous and sustainable?


Extreme weather eventWeather events that are rare at a particular place and time of year. When an extreme weather pattern persists for some time, such as a season, it can be classified as an extreme weather event, especially if it generates an average or total that is itself extreme (e.g., drought or severe rainfall over a season).
ExhibitionThe presence of people, livelihoods, environmental services and resources, infrastructure or economic, social or cultural assets in places that could be negatively affected.
HeatwaveA period of six days when the maximum air temperature is 5ºC higher than the average value of daily maximum temperatures in the reference period (1961-1990).
RiskProbability of occurrence of an event multiplied by the impact caused by that event.
Urban heat islandThermal contrast phenomenon in which the air temperature is higher in urban areas than in the surrounding rural areas. There are several reasons why the air temperature in cities is higher than in rural areas: cement and asphalt tend to reduce the reflectivity of cities, increasing the amount of solar energy absorbed by the ground and reducing evapotranspiration; pollution, the heat released in industrial processes, the air conditioning of houses, transport vehicles, are also factors that contribute to this overheating..
Climate vulnerabilityThe degree to which a system is susceptible to and unable to cope with the adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes.
Nature-based solutionsNature-inspired and supported climate adaptation solutions that are cost-effective, deliver simultaneous environmental, social and economic benefits and help build resilience.

Well done! You have successfully completed the Thematic Area 2 – Module 7

“Urban Living?”!